What comes to your mind when a dental clinic claims to offer advanced dentistry services? Dentistry has evolved over the years to involve more than just taking care of problems when they arise. Thanks to rapid advancements in dental technology, these days, your dentist focuses more on preventive services—so issues like gum disease and tooth pain don’t occur in the first place.
Advanced dentistry, on the other hand, takes this a step further including procedures geared toward improving the aesthetic appearance of your teeth, mouth, and smile. Not all dentists offer the same sorts of services. Different dentists have different specialties to enable them to provide various advanced dental care services.
Advanced Dentistry Specialties
The American Dental Association recognizes six dental specialties that are designed to offer advanced dental care services:
This field of dentistry deals with the design, creation, and fitting of artificial teeth replacements and other parts of the mouth. A prosthodontist, also known as restoration dentist, is trained to create replacements such as crowns, bridges, and dentures to correct dental flaws that result from missing or deficient teeth.
Prosthodontists can also help with issues such as:
- Temporomandibular Joint (jaw joint) disorder also known as TMJ
- Traumatic mouth injuries
- Post oral cancer reconstruction
Periodontics is a dental specialty that focuses mainly on inflammatory diseases that affect the gums and other supporting structures around your teeth. Periodontists, sometimes called gum specialists, are trained to deal with wide ranges of issues, including:
- Severe gum disease
- Performing root scaling and planing, commonly known as deep dental cleaning
- Root surface debridement, which involves removing damaged gum tissue
Periodontists are also equipped with skills to install, maintain, and repair dental implants.
Also known as pediatric dentistry, pedodontics is the branch of dentistry that focuses on children’s teeth. Pediatric dentists are specially trained to handle the specific oral and dental needs of children and teens. They have the skills to guide kids through their dental growth and development effectively.
Moreover, they offer other child-specific oral-related care such as:
- Nutritional advice
- Advice on bruxism
- Dissuasion of thumb and finger sucking
Orthodontics is the dental specialty that focuses on the correction of teeth and jaws that are improperly positioned. Orthodontists, or the alignment dentists, are trained to diagnose and treat the following issues using non-surgical dental procedures:
- Teeth misalignment
- Spaces between teeth
- Overbites and underbites
- Other defects of the jaw, teeth, or bite
Once your bite or teeth alignment is corrected, you’ll have a better smile as well as more efficient and durable teeth. Orthodontic procedures include wires, retainers, braces, and Invisalign®.
Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Oral and maxillofacial surgery deals with a wide range of dental issues, including:
- Extractions of damaged teeth
- Dental implant repair and placing
- Reconstructive dental surgery
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are trained to diagnose and treat disease, injuries, and imperfections of both soft and hard tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region.
Endodontics deals with the health of the tooth root. Endodontists are well-versed with the normal functions of the human dental pulp and the diseases that affect it. Their primary goal is to prevent and treat complications of the pulp and tissues surrounding the tooth root. Root canal therapy is the most popular treatment for dental pulp disease.
There have been extraordinary advances in the world of dentistry over the past couple of decades. These advances cut across the various fields of dentistry, including preventive dental care and cosmetic dentistry. This has given rise to different dental specialties that aim to offer advanced dental care.